What Is Word Salad In Schizophrenia

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B Working Memory And Executive Function Language And Schizophrenia

Word Salad with Schizophrenia and Me

Numerous studies indicate that schizophrenia patients show deficits across multiple domains of cognitive function. Most of this work has focused on patients working memory and executive function. Patients show clear working memory deficits and also perform poorly on a variety of executive function tasks, such as the Wisconsin Card Sort Task and the Stroop, assessed as part of neuropsychological batteries. There has been some work examining the relationship between language dysfunction and executive or working memory dysfunction as assessed using neuropsychological measures. Severity of positive thought disorder in schizophrenia correlates with performance on several cognitive tasks, including the Stroop, continuous performance tasks and others . In a meta-analysis, reported a strong association between thought disorders and impaired executive functioning.

The referential communication impairments described in section 1b also correlate with patients poor performance on some of these neuropsychological measures. Studies by Docherty and colleagues have demonstrated correlations between referential communication disturbances and poor performance on tasks of immediate auditory memory and distractibility, working memory, sustained attention and sequencing . Interestingly, performance on sustained attention and sequencing tasks appears to be a better predictor of referential communication failures than positive thought disorder itself.

What Is The Medical Term For Word Salad

A word salad, or schizophasia, is a “confused or unintelligible mixture of seemingly random words and phrases”, most often used to describe a symptom of a neurological or mental disorder. The term schizophasia is used in particular to describe the confused language that may be evident in schizophrenia.

How To Overcome The Rot Of The Word Salad

Although I introduced this within the context of disorder, please dont confound this with this being a symptom of illness as it would be say, for schizophrenia. For the Narcissistic Personality Disordered individual, it is not.

The word salad is used intentionally by the pathological narcissist to manipulate you as a form of gaslighting so that you question yourself, rather than continue questioning them.

Recognise gorgeous one, that no amount of questioning or discussion with a narc will ever lead to positive outcomes.

The only way forward, is to stop questioning yourself. Hold your truth close and free yourself.

With gratitude,

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What Is Narcissistic Word Salad

The truth, according to Elinor Greenburg, Ph.D., is that the term narcissistic word salad is just plain wrong. As Greenburg writes in a Psychology Today article, Instead of referring to an involuntary verbal sign of a severe mental illness, such as schizophrenia, it is being used as a slang term for a type of narcissistic speech that is purposefully confusing.

In other words, when people in the narcissistic abuse recovery community use the term word salad, theyre talking about a common manipulation tactic used by malignant narcissists, or toxic people, which in this case can include both people with diagnosed narcissistic personality disorder and those with narcissistic tendencies.In other words, word salad is a narcissistic manipulation tactic that manifests as a confused or unintelligible mixture of seemingly random words and phrases meant to confuse you.

What Does Clanging Sound Like

Psychotic Disorders

In a clang association, a word group has similar sounds but doesnt create a logical idea or thought. Poets often use rhymes and words with double meanings, so clanging sometimes sounds like poetry or song lyrics except these word combinations dont convey any rational meaning.

Here are a couple of examples of clang association sentences:

  • Here she comes with a cat catch a rat match.
  • Theres a mile-long dial trial a while, child.

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How Do I Stop Compulsive Lying

We’ve got some answers to this question that can help.

  • Examine your triggers. …
  • Think about the kind of lies you tell. …
  • Practice setting and sticking to your boundaries. …
  • Ask yourself, ‘What’s the worst that can happen? …
  • Take it one day at a time. …
  • You can tell the truth without telling all. …
  • Consider the goal of the lie.
  • Do Schizophrenics Act Childish

    Disorganized or catatonic behavior can vary from being childlike and silly to aggressive and violent. This type of symptom can also involve excessive movements, unusual actions, freezing in place, or not responding to instructions or communication. There may also be unprovoked agitation or sexual behavior in public.

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    How Is Clang Association Treated

    Because this thought disorder is associated with bipolar disorder and schizophrenia, treating it requires treating the underlying mental health condition.

    A doctor may prescribe antipsychotic medications. Cognitive behavioral therapy, group therapy, or family therapy may also help manage symptoms and behaviors.

    You Have To Teach Narcissists To Understand Basic Emotions

    Schizophrenic Word Salad Example

    If you are finding yourself having to teach a narcissist about empathy and why it is important to be kind as you would with kids in preschool, then this will drain you. They will catch on and they will throw word salads at you in order to throw you and for you to stop talking about feelings. This threatens them. The psychology of a narcissist can be very confusing, but its worthwhile to take the time to understand so that you can deal with them effectively.

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    What Is Word Salad

    Word salad is a term used to describe the psychological language disorder schizophasia, a common symptom of mental diseases such as schizophrenia. Much like a salad in which different vegetables or fruits are tossed together, schizophasia is a random jumble of words. It’s important to note that genuine word salad isn’t intentionally created by a person, but rather results due to an involuntary, compulsive speech disorder.

    Many people who speak in the incoherent speech known as word salad or schizophasia also have logorrhea, which is an excessive amount of speech. Not all people have both schizophasia and logorrhea. Whereas schizophasia is always incoherent, logorrhea may or may not be.

    Correct or incorrect grammar may occur in word salad. Even when the grammar is correct though, the sentences are still incoherent. An example of grammatically incorrect schizophasia would be something like “Blue afraid you no carpet cat got fear bricks of orderly mess.” Words are said at random by people who have schizophasia. Philosopher Noam Chomsky is well known for his studies in language and cognitive science his famous grammatically correct example of word salad is “Colorless green ideas sleep furiously.”

    Clang Association In Bipolar Disorder And Schizophrenia

    Steven Gans, MD is board-certified in psychiatry and is an active supervisor, teacher, and mentor at Massachusetts General Hospital.

    Clang associations are groupings of words, usually rhyming words, that are based on similar-sounding sounds, even though the words themselves don’t have any logical reason to be grouped together. A person who is speaking this way may be showing signs of psychosis in bipolar disorder or schizophrenia.

    In bipolar disorder, clang associations generally appear in psychotic episodes in the manic phases of the illness. In schizophrenia, clang associations are closely linked with a thought disorder, one of the hallmark features of the illness. “Clanging” also has been referred to as “glossomania” in medical literature relating to speech alterations in schizophrenia and bipolar disorder.

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    Examples Of Word Salad: Understanding The Use Of Random Words

    The term word salad refers to random words or phrases linked together in an often unintelligible manner. Often, a listener is unable to understand the meaning or purpose of the phrase. Mental health issues can often be the cause of disorganized speech such as word salad. Review a selection of word salad examples to better understand what the phrase word salad means.

    A Semantic Memory Function In Schizophrenia

    Clinical characteristics

    Perhaps the most influential theory of positive thought disorder in schizophrenia is that it stems from a faster and further automatic spread of activation through semantic memory . This theory assumes a model of semantic memory in which words and concepts are linked within a network according to their degree of association or co-occurrence . This theory has much intuitive appeal: a faster automatic spread of semantic associative activity could help explain the clinical phenomenon of loosening of association which, as discussed in section 1a, refers to the tendency of some patients to produce strings of semantically associated words that do not necessarily form a coherent whole.

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    B Language Comprehension Abnormalities In Schizophrenia

    Clinically, problems with the comprehension of language in schizophrenia patients are subtler than those of language production, and have been less well documented. One exception is patients difficulties with figurative language. Some patients display concrete thinking . Indeed, proverb interpretation is commonly used clinically to assess thought disturbances in schizophrenia . Consistent with these clinical impressions, several studies confirm that schizophrenia patients often choose concrete interpretations when asked to interpret figurative language .

    Systematic assessments of language comprehension have not been included in most neuropsychological batteries used to examine cognitive function in schizophrenia. Some such batteries, however, have noted that patients perform particularly poorly on tasks using verbal, rather than non-verbal, materials . Indeed, differential deficits on neuropsychological tasks using verbal stimuli have also been documented in children at risk for schizophrenia , during the early, pre-clinical phase of the disorder , and in patients in their first episode of psychosis .

    What Comes To Your Mind When You Hear The Word Salad

    A word salad, or schizophasia, is a confused or unintelligible mixture of seemingly random words and phrases, most often used to describe a symptom of a neurological or mental disorder. The term schizophasia is used in particular to describe the confused language that may be evident in schizophrenia.

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    A Serious Medical Condition

    It’s important to realize that the true definition of word salad is linked to serious medical conditions that keep a person from being able to communicate. It’s not something to be taken lightly or to laugh about. Now that you are aware of this phenomenon that’s often linked to psychological disorders, take the time to learn more about this field of study. Start by exploring some key psychology terms and their meanings.

    What Stage Of Dementia Is Word Salad

    On Language Play and Word Salad in Schizophrenia

    Confabulation is the jumbling of words or phrases which sounds like gibberish or word salad to the cognitively in-tact person. Therefore, if you are a professional caregiver or a valued family member providing care to someone with Dementia, its critical that you learn to Speak Dementia effectively.

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    Is Word Salad A Positive Symptom

    Positive Symptoms

    Disorganized thinking becomes apparent in patients speech patterns as schizophrenia progresses. Occasionally, speech is so disorganized that it becomes a completely jumbled word salad devoid of discernible meaning despite being full of words.

    What is word salad a symptom of?

    A word salad, or schizophasia, is a confused or unintelligible mixture of seemingly random words and phrases, most often used to describe a symptom of a neurological or mental disorder. The term schizophasia is used in particular to describe the confused language that may be evident in schizophrenia.


    The Word Salads Poison

    It takes a level of detachment to begin spotting these tactics. The word salad is designed to destabilise you into submissiveness, and this is precisely what it achieves.

    To begin the process of disengagement, take note of how you react and feel. These are your most powerful indicators that the poison of the narcissists word salad is hitting the mark.

    Clear signs are:

    • You feel super confused and have no idea what just happened
    • Despite having raised a concern yourself: a) the conversation is exclusively focused on you, b) you found yourself defending yourself constantly, and c) throughout the discussion you were seeking their validation
    • You find yourself repeatedly trying to explain basic human emotions and experiences

    Once you recognise these warnings in yourself start taking note of the techniques when you interact.

    Reflect on the intentionality of the narcissist in applying these strategies to gaslight you into taking ownership of all issues*.

    Do you really want to spend your precious time, energy and wonderfulness on someone who toys with you in this way?

    Gorgeous one, change and growth towards a healthy relationship isnt going to happen when this is the response to conflict, or your right to set a boundary.

    When your own denial shifts, and you start accepting this fact, you will begin letting go.

    Your detachment from the games, are the key to reclaiming your freedom.

    Youve got this gorgeous one.

    With gratitude,


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    Signs The Narc Is Serving You A Word Salad

    Thank you Maggie McGee for the great article!!

    It takes a while before we cotton onto the fact that theres something not quite right when in an abusive relationship with a narcissist. Sadly, that initial view we formed of the narcissist based on the mask of perfection they presented to us during love bombing, takes a great deal for us to overturn.

    There are a multitude of reasons for this, key among these being that the abuse itself imperceptibly leads us into a state of confusion and anxiety, where our default position is to doubt ourselves, rather than the narc.

    Recognising the signs that are hallmarks of pathological narcissism will help you turn the corner to reclaim your truth and self-belief, and ultimately your freedom.

    So, what lies behind that mask of perfection? Well, an individual with a personality disorder.

    And what does this mean exactly? Setting aside definitions found within the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, the term disorder means mess, disorganised, disarranged, muddle, jumble, derangement, shambles.

    The interesting thing is that there are things palpably apparent that reflect the inner chaos of the narcissist once you know what to look for.

    The word salad is one such thing.

    Also known as narc speak it is quite literally, disordered speech, a lack of semantic fluidity. And this is how you can detect it

    Clang Association And Schizophrenia


    Schizophrenia is a psychiatric disorder that causes people to experience distortions of reality. They may have hallucinations or delusions. It can also affect speech.

    Researchers noted a connection between clanging and schizophrenia as far back as 1899. More recent research has confirmed this connection.

    People who are experiencing an acute episode of schizophrenic psychosis may also show other speech disruptions like:

    • Poverty of speech: one- or two-word responses to questions
    • Pressure of speech: speech that is loud, fast, and hard to follow
    • Schizophasia: word salad, jumbled, random words
    • Loose associations: speech that suddenly shifts to an unrelated subject
    • Neologisms: speech that includes made-up words
    • Echolalia: speech that repeats whatever someone else is saying

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    What Are The 4 As Of Schizophrenia

    The fundamental symptoms, which are virtually present through all the course of the disorder , are also known as the famous Bleulers four As: Alogia, Autism, Ambivalence, and Affect blunting . Delusion is regarded as one of the accessory symptoms because it is episodic in the course of schizophrenia.

    Narcissists Accuse You Of Doing Things That They Are Guilty Of

    Narcissists might know that they have done a lot of wrongs and do a lot of wrong deep down but they will never own up to it. They keep this knowledge so hidden even from themselves that they almost dont even understand that its there. And then they will accuse you of doing things that they do that just simply dont make sense. They will throw these accusations at you out of the blue. Projection, anyone?

    When narcissists throw word salads at you, then you will just want to end the conversations there and walk away. It is a manipulation tactic. Here are some helpful videos on word salad and other narcissistic abuse and manipulation tactics.

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    Why Do Narcissists Use Word Salad

    • Narcissists will throw out a bunch of words that dont make sense if they are feeling threatened. They do this to purposely confuse you and it is a gaslighting tactic.
    • Narcissistic abusers use this tactic to confuse their victims into doubting their own perceptions and memories of the abuse.
    • Word salad is often used as a defense mechanism when a narcissist feels threatened, but especially when youre getting too close to the truth.
    • The term is also used to describe the way narcissists frequently contradict themselves. They will do this when it serves their purpose of making you second guess that what you heard is true. This manipulation tactic can be especially damaging to a survivor or abuse victims emotional health its one way they gaslight you.

    When Is It Ok To Lie

    Word Salad Example – Inside A Schizophrenic Mind

    People care about whether you have good intentions a lot more than whether the person is being honest per se. Just remember: Lies are most beneficial when they’re not selfish. If you tell your partner he or she looks great before a date to boost his or her self-esteem, that’s one thing, Schweitzer says.

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    Examples Of Word Salad In A Sentence

    word salad The New Republicword saladThe New Republicword salad The Atlanticword saladVultureword saladThe New Yorkerword saladThe New Yorkerword saladoregonliveword salad USA TODAY

    These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word ‘word salad.’ Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

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